For example, if they hear a talk about two persons, one is rich and other is not, they consider the presence of children as abatement in richness of the second person. He gives an account of merits and demerits of a married and a bachelor’s life. In response, these bachelors married public and endowed their affections and life to it. He puts forward the pros and cons of marriage in terms of how it is viewed by society and how it affects an individual. Sir Francis Bacon explores the themes of independence, liberty, and marriage throughout his essay "Of Marriage and Single Life." They refuse to see the need and benefits of a family and leaving a legacy beyond their material possessions. The first master of the essay form in English, Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was confident that of all his works in The Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall (1625) would "last as long as books last." “A young man not yet, an elder man not at all”. To them, procreation will lead to more number of claimants to their wealth and property. She nourishes him at his most vulnerable. They exhibit a level of callousness to the opportunities that they have and have no regrets about their self-indulgence, inaction, wastefulness and shameless disregard. He feels that the unmarried men are unrestricted and free to make bold moves that can produce important changes in culture and society. He gives an account of merits and demerits of a married and a bachelor’s life. The lofty ideals of virtues and chivalry, patriotism and duty are praised and encouraged when soldiers take to the battlefield. Grave natures, led by custom, and therefore constant, are commonly loving husbands; as was said of Ulysses, "Vetulam suam praetulit immortalitati. Single men may be richer and more capable of making massive charitable donations but they clack the empathetic and sensitive side that comes from genuine companionship. Marriage vs. single life: How science and the media got it so wrong. Bacon feels that we often see some the most tyrannical and cruellest men with the noblest and most generous wives. Sparing these two kinds, there is another kind of men. He has the necessary understanding and regard for commitment and responsibility as he has a wife and family to keep secure. If one has a stable frugal position, he cares to make his and his family’s life as luxurious as he can. Of Marriage and Single Life by Francis Bacon HE that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune; for they are impediments to great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief. There are also some wealthy people, who wittingly decide to not reproduce or have children in fear of losing their riches to their heirs. "* Chaste women are often proud and forward, as presuming upon the merit of their chastity. They have greater self-respect and value their body as sacred and not just means of carnal pleasures of the flesh. Bacon says that there are generals among military, who with their hortatives(speeches made for encouragement) put disdain about marriage in the minds of the soldiers. The advantages of a single life. According to Bacon, this is the reason behind the Turks soldiers that they are base. They are forever on the run from the prison of marital responsibilities and commitments. It curtails the Freudian basic and animal instincts and desires. On the flipside, when a man is old and suffering, he must not rush to get a wife even if there are beautiful young women who are available to marry. Wealthy singles can be generous with their money are therefore sought after by churches. At the end of the essay, Bacon tells a fact that bad husbands, usually, have very good wives. Nay more, there are some foolish, rich, covetous men, that take a pride in having no children, because they may be thought so much the richer. They are often good employees, better friends, as they have ample time for their employees and friends. Bacon starts with a sudden statement, “He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortunes”. It is indifferent for judges and magistrates because of their corruption. Certainly the best works, and of greatest merit for the public, have proceeded from the unmarried or childless men, which both in affection and means have married and endowed the public. It can lead to a need to make a better tomorrow for their children and their children. You can support us by purchasing the following book! They are devoted and committed to securing their marriage even if they suffer many sacrifices and pains during the process. “Chaste women are often proud and forward”. Bacon starts with a sudden statement. They usually spend their time by making both ends meet. Wealthy singles can be generous with their money are therefore sought after by churches. As ‘Of Marriage and Single Life’ depicts. Marriage has a way of establishing a loving home. Bacon insists that having a family can make a man generous and merciful. LitPriest is a free resource of high-quality study guides and notes for students of English literature. Bacon observes that in the army of Turks, it is the unmarried soldiers who are prone to debase, perverse and the vilest behaviour when it comes to conducting with the defeated opposition army and prisoners of war. Even though he enlists the burdens and limitation of marriage, he extols the benefits of marriage and how it shapes a person. Moreover, these wives take pride in their patience upon their husbands’ bad behavior. She becomes his constant, a pillar of strength. Bachelors lack these terms of engagement and often consumed by moral corruption, vulgar thoughts and cruel intentions. One of the best-known essays from that enduring collection is "Of Marriage and Single Life.". This also drives them to explore the future consequences of action or inaction in the present. She pleasures him sensually and her love and devotion make him feel more virile and strong. In military organizations, the generals use the whole premise of ‘a family to protect’ when they address their soldiers. As he enters old age and becomes weak and weary, his becomes a nurse and a caregiver. On the contrary, there are some greedy and covetous men that take pride in having no children. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Certainly wife and children are a kind of discipline of humanity; and single men, though they may be many times more charitable, because their means are less exhaust, yet on the other side they are more cruel and hard-hearted (good to make severe inquisitors), because their tenderness is not so often called upon. The statement clearly depicts that marriage is an impediment to great fortune and luck. Therefore, a woman of chastity is proud of her worth and the worth of his loyal husband. Nay, there are some others that account wife and children but as bills of charges. On the flipside of the coin, those who are married, have greater care of future of their family. He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune, for they are impediments to great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief. Therefore, unmarried men are always a flight risk, prone to just run away and desertion. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. They think that they are rich because of the absence of the children. The vice of jealousy can weaken this bond as the wife will not feel the trust of her husband if he is envious and susceptible to doubt and suspicion. They are not apprehensive of future time; they are not even meticulous about it. Bacon then points out people who stay single because they believe that marriage only leads to more fetters, restrictions, responsibilities and obligations. Wives are young men's mistresses, companions for middle age, and old men's nurses; so as a man may have a quarrel to marry when he will. In his middle age, she is his companion in weal and woe, good or bad and triumph or disaster. Unmarried men are best friends, best masters, best servants, but not always best subjects, for they are light to run away, and almost all fugitives are of that condition.