Find all the information for your next step. [89][93] After he returned from the journey, the Government decided Linnaeus should take on another expedition to the southernmost province Scania. [168] In his book Dieta Naturalis, he said, "One should not vent one's wrath on animals, Theology decree that man has a soul and that the animals are mere 'aoutomata mechanica,' but I believe they would be better advised that animals have a soul and that the difference is of nobility. Linnaeus was overjoyed when Kalm returned, bringing back with him many pressed flowers and seeds. When Nils was admitted to the University of Lund, he had to take on a family name. Son of Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea", "The purchase of knowledge: James Edward Smith and the Linnean collections". [134], Daniel Solander was living in Linnaeus's house during his time as a student in Uppsala. This was something many could not accept. He returned to Sweden in 1779, one year after Linnaeus's death. Durée : 7 min [88]:63[121] Despite his desire to be buried in Hammarby, he was buried in Uppsala Cathedral on 22 January. [137], Perhaps the most famous and successful apostle was Carl Peter Thunberg, who embarked on a nine-year expedition in 1770. [174], In early editions of Systema Naturae, many well-known legendary creatures were included such as the phoenix, dragon, manticore, and satyrus,[175][note 10] which Linnaeus collected into the catch-all category Paradoxa. Recently many of our best naturalists have recurred to the view first propounded by Linnaeus, so remarkable for his sagacity, and have placed man in the same Order with the Quadrumana, under the title of the Primates. [88]:47[108] The same year the king dubbed him knight of the Order of the Polar Star, the first civilian in Sweden to become a knight in this order. The parents picked Johan Telander, a son of a local yeoman. Next to his own collection he had also built up a museum for the university of Uppsala, which was supplied by material donated by Carl Gyllenborg (in 1744–1745), crown-prince Adolf Fredrik (in 1745), Erik Petreus (in 1746), Claes Grill (in 1746), Magnus Lagerström (in 1748 and 1750) and Jonas Alströmer (in 1749). Rudbeck no longer gave public lectures, and had others stand in for him. Covid-19 : la vaccination débutera "fin décembre, début janvier" et ne sera pas obligatoire, Évacuation de migrants à Paris, loi "sécurité globale" : nouveaux rassemblements ce mardi soir, 83% des Français favorables au plan d'Emmanuel Macron pour déconfiner le pays, EN DIRECT - "America is back" : le camp Biden affirme ses ambitions climatiques et diplomatiques. Qui est Antony Blinken, le futur patron de la diplomatie américaine ? This edition established itself as the starting point for zoological nomenclature, the equivalent of Species Plantarum. Open-source electronic prototyping platform enabling users to create interactive electronic objects. [4] Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné). [133] Six other apostles later died on their expeditions, including Pehr Forsskål and Pehr Löfling. He was also curious about the customs of the native Sami people, reindeer-herding nomads who wandered Scandinavia's vast tundras. Anniversaries of Linnaeus's birth, especially in centennial years, have been marked by major celebrations. In the 1750s and 1760s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, while publishing several volumes. Linnaeus's system of taxonomy was especially noted as the first to include humans (Homo) taxonomically grouped with apes (Simia), under the header of Anthropomorpha. At the bottom is a phrase in Latin, borrowed from the Aeneid, which reads "Famam extendere factis": we extend our fame by our deeds. [58][60], That summer Linnaeus reunited with Peter Artedi, a friend from Uppsala with whom he had once made a pact that should either of the two predecease the other, the survivor would finish the decedent's work. [131] The British botanist William T. Stearn notes, without Linnaeus's new system, it would not have been possible for the apostles to collect and organise so many new specimens. [88]:47[112], The Swedish King Adolf Frederick granted Linnaeus nobility in 1757, but he was not ennobled until 1761. Nicholas Jardine. [45] He sometimes dismounted on the way to examine a flower or rock[46] and was particularly interested in mosses and lichens, the latter a main part of the diet of the reindeer, a common and economically important animal in Lapland. [129] To most of the apostles he gave instructions of what to look for on their journeys. [6] His other son, Johannes, had died aged 3. Retrouvez toute l'actualité du football en direct sur L'Équipe. When Carl was born, he was named Carl Linnæus, with his father's family name. These became the basis of his book Flora Lapponica. Around 10 editions were published, not all of them by Linnaeus himself; the most important is the 1754 fifth edition. Near Gävle he found great quantities of Campanula serpyllifolia, later known as Linnaea borealis, the twinflower that would become his favourite. [40], Rudbeck's former assistant, Nils Rosén, returned to the University in March 1731 with a degree in medicine. [8], In botany and zoology, the abbreviation L. is used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for a species' name. [155] Below the rank of species he sometimes recognised taxa of a lower (unnamed) rank; these have since acquired standardised names such as variety in botany and subspecies in zoology. [97][110] In Hammarby, Linnaeus made a garden where he could grow plants that could not be grown in the Botanical Garden in Uppsala.