Tom is captain. You can also click on the "[?]" Here, you find out how to create proper comparisons. He became a millionaire. You will have noticed that the sentences given above do not make complete sense because their predicates (is, seems, turned, tastes) are incomplete. Examples are: be (is/am/are/were/was), appear, become, look, seem, smell, grow, turn etc. This bag is mine. Ralph’s friends may understand his statement, but no one else will. See the problem? Dear students and teachers: Please make sure you subscribe to the free grammar updates, English Practice – Learn and Practice English Online. Try again!”. ALSO RIGHT: Octavia screamed more chillingly than she ever had before, and Max resolved to come to her aid after finishing his lunch. This one is so easy that you don’t need stories. Each of these sentences requires a word or words to make the sense complete. (Here the complement is the noun sister.) I feel tired. Look at the following example: RIGHT: Octavia screamed more chillingly than I did the day Lulu drove a truck over my toe. English verbs. In money, fame, love, health, lack of body odor, winning lottery tickets, number of Twitter followers? Lola was fine for the first 409 jumps, but then her enthusiasm began to flag. Such verbs are called verbs of incomplete predication. (NOT you are smelling) When we use the verbs feel, hear, see, smell, or taste to talk about the impressions that we receive through our five senses (touch, hearing, sight, smell, taste), they are all non-action verbs and cannot be used in progressive forms.. You smell nice. (Prepositional phrase) Can you spot the problem? Lulu loved sky-diving more than Lola. The milk turned … Success made him mad. Such a verb which requires a word or words to complete the predicate is called a verb of incomplete predication. Fire burns. Intransitive verbs do not take an object. Octavia screamed more chillingly than . The word or words required to make the sense complete is called the complement of the verb. In making a comparison, be clear and complete. Alice seems upset. (Here the complement is the adjective nice.) Examples are given below. WRONG: Lulu loved sky-diving more than Lola. “Octavia sounds even worse,” he thought. ALSO RIGHT: Lulu loved sky-diving more than Lola did. We found him dishonest. Until you finish the sentence, your readers are left with as many possibilities as they can imagine. He sat on the floor. They are therefore called subject complements. If she screams more chillingly today, I’d better get my earplugs out before it’s time for tomorrow’s lungfest.”, Octavia screamed more chillingly. When the adjective round is added to the fragment ‘The earth is’, the sentence becomes meaningful. Stative uses of feel, hear, see, smell, taste. . button to get a clue. She seemed distressed. (NOT you are smelling) 4. M013 - Modal Verbs - MUST, MUSTN'T or HAVE TO - English Grammar Exercises. 1. Lola sobbed uncontrollably as she realized that Lulu, whom she had always considered her best friend, was on the way to the airport instead of on the way to Lola’s birthday party. This house is to let. Accordingly, the same verb may belong to the first class in some … To be, present simple, past simple, present continuous, passive, to have, worksheets. Try again!” The comparison in the examples is incomplete. . Verbs of incomplete predication. Transitive verbs have objects. Here the complements sister, mine, nice, asleep, to let etc., say something about the subjects Alice, bag, he, child, house etc. This machine is of no use. than what? “Uh oh,” thought Max, “yesterday I thought she would burst my eardrum. The court declared the man guilty. Stative or dynamic uses of sense verbs . Alice seems … (Infinitive) Alice is a cardiologist. Geraldine Woods has more than 35 years of teaching experience. 2. ESL, EFL, ielts Bottom line: Don’t stop explaining your comparison until you get your point across. When we use the verbs feel, hear, see, smell, or taste to talk about the impressions that we receive through our five senses (touch, hearing, sight, smell, taste), they are all non-action verbs and cannot be used in progressive forms.. You smell nice. The earth is … He is nice. They are therefore called object complements. The rule here is simple: Don’t omit words that are necessary to the meaning of the comparison. Lulu, on the other hand, was climbing into the airplane eagerly, as if it were her first jump of the day. “Please,” said the director, “I know that you have just completed take 99 of this extremely taxing verbal exercise, but if you are going to star in my horror movie, you’ll have to put a little more into it. Your reader can understand the comparison in two different ways, as the two stories illustrate. Take a look at these possible scenarios: Octavia screamed more chillingly. The man seemed sorry. Mr. Harris makes shoes. Verbs of this kind are often called incomplete verbs or verbs of incomplete predication. “I’d better go to her first.”, Octavia screamed more chillingly. Best how? Lulu loved sky-diving more than Lola. Here the complements monitor, president, mad, guilty and dishonest say something about the objects John, her, him, the man etc. (Past participle). The child fell asleep. Stative uses of feel, hear, see, smell, taste. She looked innocent. Incomplete Comparisons in English Grammar, Using and Maintaining the Right “Person” in English Grammar, Subordinate and Independent Clauses in English Grammar. Following is an incomplete comparison: Do you understand the meaning of this comparison? The people elected her President. M013 - Modal Verbs - MUST, MUSTN'T and HAVE TO Gap-fill exercise. 3. Similarly the adjective upset turns the fragment ‘Alice seems’ into a meaningful sentence. (Present participle) Stative or dynamic uses of sense verbs . “Please,” said the director, “I know that you have just completed take 99 of this extremely taxing verbal exercise, but if you are going to star in my horror movie, you’ll have to put a little more into it. The comparison in the examples is incomplete. She continued reading. Examples are: is, am, are, was, were, become, look, seem, appear, taste, smell, grow, turn etc. But some transitive verbs require, besides their objects, some complements to complete their predicates: The teacher appointed John monitor. Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Octavia screamed more chillingly. The word or words required to make the sense complete is called the complement of the verb. In the example sentences given above the intransitive verbs cried and slept have no objects, but the sentences still make complete sense. The verb requires the addition of a substantive or an adjective to complete its sense. Lulu loved sky-diving more than Lola is incomplete. RIGHT AGAIN: Octavia screamed more chillingly than she had in the previous takes, but the director still decided to hire a different actress. Note : The meaning of the verb determines to which of these classes it belongs. Some intransitive verbs require a word or phrase to complete the predicate and make sense of the sentence. Honey tastes …. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. She is the author of more than 50 books, including English Grammar Workbook For Dummies and Research Papers For Dummies.