This article is very informative. Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence. Thank you. Thank you so much! Present participles (verbs indicating continuous activity) also end in -ing. Hi, The data from this comment form will only be used to respond to your comment. But almost all of them are activities whose -ing form can stand on its own as a noun. i like skiing / i like to ski / i like to go skiing… I can´t tell which one is the correct. This website uses cookies in order to understand how you use the site so you have the best experience. What country are you in? Hi Kim, Improving your usage of go +ing is an easy way to sound more natural in English. That’s perfect! thanks . How to make an Android app "forget" that it installed on my phone before? You use them all of the time; that's how. 1. Swimming is a noun; sailing, hiking, running, walking, partying---these are all activities that are mostly sports, but some activity nevertheless. Otherwise certain verbs seem to prefer one or the other, but I feel like you have to memorize these case by case: I go shopping in the morning before school. Catenative verbs are those that can be directly followed by another verb, like “like” or “enjoy.” I would encourage you to do a Google search for the fine details of your request, as this seems like something a linguist would be interested in exploring. Word and Sentence Stress in American English, Beyond You’re Welcome: More Ways to Respond to Thanks in American English, Three Simple Ways to Sound More Polite and Tactful in American English, https://englishwithkim.com/present-continuous-simple-present-future-meaning-arrangements-schedules/, https://englishwithkim.com/use-play-sports-games/, http://www.onestopenglish.com/methodology/teaching-tips/ask-the-experts/grammar-questions/grammar-the-syntactic-function-of-ing-forms/146363.article, https://englishwithkim.com/future-forms-decisions-predictions/, https://englishwithkim.com/present-future-meaning-plans-schedules/, https://englishwithkim.com/recognize-gerunds-infinitives/, How to Give Clear Suggestions and Strong Recommendations Using Polite Language.

Hi Ronald!

This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Which one is better depends on context. Thanks alot. Hey there – I’m Kim and I’m an accent and communication coach for non-native English speakers. What's the current state of LaTeX3 (2020)? or I’m going to go biking? I agree that "I play football at weekends" sounds much better than the slightly odd-sounding "I go to play football at weekends". I’m glad you found it helpful! This weekend is a special case where there’s no preposition. Thinking that my daughter had made a mistake in copying the lesson, I told her the B phrase was wrong and that it should be :” Why don’t you go sleep” or “Why don’t you go to sleep?” But "Do you like going climbing?" For example both of these are fine: I want to go to fish on the lake this weekend When you say, “I’m going swimming,” we get a mental picture of that entire activity, not just the action of swimming.

thank you!^^, While the present continuous is often used to talk about actions happening at the moment of speaking, it is also used to describe plans happening in the near future. The first one would be used for something that is happening in the very near future (right about now), and the second would be for something happening in the near future (usually with a specific mention of when). What's your native language? What is lost by discarding it? Yes, you can say that you “go running for 20 minutes.” I can think of other examples where people will use a period of time after “go,” such as “I go to the gym for 20 minutes every day after work” and “He’s going to Europe for three months next summer.” However, it would not make sense to say something like “They go for three hours.” But you could say “They go hiking for three hours every Saturday.” In my experience, most rules in English are not absolute and always depend on usage in context.

But pls, can you explain what a catenative verb is for me? Learn English Phrases: How to Talk about Sickness in English (Free PDF and MP3... we decided to get the red car (infinitive), I avoided talking to him about it (gerund), do you want to continue watching this lesson (infinitive/gerund). No, we can’t use “play something” in these examples. Gerund rules, examples. NOTE: I'm partially wrong in my explanation as to why we say "going swimming", but not completely. In short, it comes from Old English. A lot of people confuse these two structures, but they are actually different uses of “go.” I encourage you to re-read the lesson and try another example! Translate go in context, with examples of use and definition. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. I’m happy my resources have been helping you. Learn more and adjust your preferences in Cookie Settings. Hi, Im quite confused. We often ask “What are you doing this weekend?” or “Where are you going tonight?” because these plans are unlikely to change. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning If you want to clearly communicate your meaning, finally speak with natural stress and intonation, and improve your accent so that people can understand you easily, you’re in the right place! I know that when the activity is outdoors and done especially in your free time, we should use the ing ending after the verb to go, Example: I go swimming every morning....or they go running every sunday. Dropped Sounds & Deleted Syllables – Why Entire Syllables Disappear from Words in American English, Advanced Word Stress – Practice Contrast Between Stressed and Unstressed and Reduced Syllables, Express Your Ideas Clearly – Organize Your Thoughts and Communicate Effectively in English, Improve Your Accent: Communicate Clearly in American English, Communication Skills: Express Yourself Clearly, Small Talk and Conversations in American English. Hi Kim, Thanks very much for the useful information you shared. In this case, think of “go” like any other auxiliary verb and treat it like a function word. In the US, when speaking, we usually say "go +bare infinitive" such as "I go play football on the weekend" except we don't say it when it is in third person singular such as "he goes play football." English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English.

‘A tiger’ is the object here according to the rule you explained above.

I help English learners move from the classroom into the real world by teaching you real world sentences and helping you understand natural spoken English. California does not permit smoking in restaurants. (call it gerund or gerundive) Please, I still can't get it, the absence of a rule makes it more confusing. ("swimming" is a gerundive; not a gerund herein.). We would say “Go show her how to do that” or “Go tell him that we’re ready.”, This was a very informative article. List of English words followed by a gerund. how to emphasize content words to create the natural rhythm of English. You’ll also hear us say, “Why don’t you go to bed?” This is a confusing language construction, and I’m glad you’re helping your daughter learn the correct way to say it!