They are 39 feet (11.8 meters) tall, 5 feet (1.5 meters) in diameter and weigh 55 metric tons (60 short tons) each. The Pantheon stood as the largest dome ever until Brunelleschi's dome at the Florence Cathedral of 1420-36. The building is an architectural wonder, complete with Corinthian columns, perfect dimensions, barrel vaulting, and a highly decorated interior. Most historians, however, claim that Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27 BC, a rectilinear, T-shaped structure, 144 feet by 66 feet (44m x 20m), with masonry walls and a pitched timber roof. The Tholos was an underground domed tomb used since Neolithic times. The interior design of the Roman Pantheon is a striking synthesis of tradition and innovation. Described as the “sphinx of the Campus Martius”—referring to enigmas presented by its appearance and history, and to the location in Rome where it was built—to visit it today is to be almost transported back to the Roman Empire itself. The large dome reaches a height of 83 meters (272 feet). Parthenon can be considered as the highest achievement of Greek architecture. Until modern times, the dome was the largest built, measuring about 142 feet (43 metres) in diameter and rising to a height of 71 feet (22 metres) above its base. The dome features three superimposed shells, similar to the St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. The columns were each 34 ft. 3 in. The granite and marble columns were imported from Egypt, a land that was part of the Roman Empire. Its ambitious lines called for a vast building 110 meters (361 feet) long by 84 meters (275 feet) wide, and 83 meters (272 feet) high. The ornaments consisted almost exclusively of sculpture of the very finest quality. The Pantheon may well be the first building from Classical architecture where the interior is deliberately made to outshine the exterior. The roof, out of timber, covered with marble tiles. The Pantheon was rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian during the period 118 to 128 A.D. (a time given by Ward-Perkins). Beneath the porch are huge bronze double doors, which were returned and restored in 1563, are 6.4 meters (21 feet) high. All dimensions has three spatial axis, allowing creatures to move back and forth, left and right, and up and down. high, and more than 6 ft. in diameter at the base. The diameter of the dome is 43.30 meters or 142ft (for comparison, the United States Capitol dome is 96 feet in diameter) and is in perfect proportion with the Pantheon by the fact that the distance from the floor to the top of the dome is exactly equal to its diamet… The Pantheon is remarkable for its size, its construction, and its design. The thickening of the corner column A8 of about three per cent is slightly greater than the value given by Vitruvius, yet is still in the same order of magnitude. The Pantheon's height of 43,3m equals the dome's diameter. high, and more than 6 ft. in diameter at the base. It was the temple of the Virgin Goddess Athene (Minerva). Though made of concrete, it is deceivingly light — the thicker sections of the wall accommodate empty, semicircular spaces. The Pantheon in Rome is a true architectural wonder. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 8 inches;43.2m). The architect, who is unknown, did this on purpose to show the harmony of the building. Pantheon, the most widely accepted belief is that it is the work of Hadrian in the early first century A.D. The diagram to the right is a depiction of the floorplan of Parthenon. Thought to have been built by Emperor Hadrian in approximately 125 AD on the site of an earlier, Agrippan-era monument, it brilliantly displays the spatial pyrotechnics emblematic of Roman architecture and engineering. NOW 50% OFF! It’s main structure has a circular floorplan, crowned by a dome 43.2 metres in diameter and preceded by a rectangular portico. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. We won't share your email address with 3rd parties, and you can unsubscribe at any time. The interior design of the Roman Pantheon is a striking synthesis of tradition and innovation. A series of columns surrounded this building, and at either end was a portico, eight columns wide, and two deep. The Parthenon at Athens stood on the summit of a lofty rock. Currently, the Pantheon sits somewhat sunken into the floor because the street level has risen around the building. The architecture of the pantheon is complex in its proportions and innovative in its design. The rotunda measures 43.2 metres in diameter which is exactly the maximum height of the dome, itself a perfect hemisphere. At the very top of the dome is an opening to the sky (oculus) which is 8.8 metres in diameter and has a decor… The diagram to the right is a depiction of the floorplan of Parthenon. The circular part of the building or rotunda was entranced via two bronze doors measuring 12 x 7.5 metres (those of today are ancient but not original). Pantheon File:Giovanni Paolo Panini - Interior of the Pantheon, Rome - Google Art Project.jpg File:Pannini, Giovanni Paolo - Gallery of Views of Ancient Rome - 1758.JPG Originally, the Pantheon would have sat high above street level, with five steep stairs used to reach it. Most part added later 83 metres high, and more than 6 ft. diameter. To your inbox, Amatsu … oculus of the very finest quality dome 's diameter the Florence Cathedral 1420-36... 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